In the 500 years Rome was an empire, Rome had over 140 different emperors however the emperors had absolute rule. They controlled the government, the military, and the people. Two such emperors were Nero and Caligula.


Nero

Nero was a Roman emperor who ruled from 54 AD to 68 AD. He was always indulged in foolish things, like racing at the Circus Maximus, which was a race course for chariots. But people did not laugh at him for long. A new religion sprang up in Rome. It was called Christianity. Christians believed in one god. They refused to worship the Roman gods. In Nero’s time, that was against the law. If one did not worship Roman gods, he was a criminal. Nero told his army to hunt down Christians. Once people confessed to being Christians, they were brought to the Colosseum, another big entertainment center in ancient Rome. They were then fed to the lions in the colosseum for punishing them and entertainment purposes! Nero then turned his attention to the members of the senate. They were ordered to kill themselves since they possessed power. He killed his mother and wife as well. After seeing all this happening, the senate ordered immediate execution. Hearing this Nero killed himself in 68 AD.

Caligula

Caligula was another Roman emperor who ruled from 37 AD to 41 AD. He provided lavish games for the Romans to enjoy, and abolished the sales tax. Seven months into his reign he fell ill but he emerged from his illness as Rome’s nightmare! He may have lost his sanity, though this is doubtful. He went out of his way to humiliate the senate. He also included his horse in meetings! And intended to make him consul! He insisted on being treated as a god. In 41 AD, the Praetorian Guard assassinated Gaius with the members of the Roman Senateand of the imperial court. He was 29 when he was assassinated. Only the common people, who benefited from his extravagant spending, lamented his death.caligula.jpg caligula_with_his_horse.jpgNero.jpg

Emperor Caligula, Emperor Caligula with his horse and Emperor Nero
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Using EBSCOHOST

Nero

"Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition." http://tas.blackboard.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2010. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=3&hid=11&sid=2d68a5ae-fc46-43e3-bedc-f17491caf3d4%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=39023937 >.


Caligula

"Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition." http://tas.blackboard.com.N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2010. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=8&hid=6&sid=2d68a5ae-fc46-43e3-bedc-f17491caf3d4%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=39000232>.

Using Google advanced search

Nero


1) The Classical Quarterly. N.p.: Cambridge University Press , 1947. www.jstor.org. Web. 4 Oct. 2010. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/636628?seq=3>.
2) Dr.Hugh Kramer. http://www.accla.org/. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Oct. 2010. < http://www.accla.org/actaaccla/nero.html>.

Caligula

1) Cassius Dio. "Cassius Dio ." www.uchicago.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Oct. 2010. < http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cassius_Dio/59*.html>.
2) http://www.bbc.co.uk/. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2010.<http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/caligula.shtml>.
3) http://votumsolvit.com/. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2010. < http://votumsolvit.com/2008/10/18/emperor-caligulas-murder-spot-found/>. Images used Emperor Caligulahttp://www.google.co.in/imgres?imgurl=http://s4.hubimg.com/u/1061335_f260.jpg&imgrefurl=http://hubpages.com/hub/caligula&usg=__7GllwVgvwe-RhlNszXZzqzXXxdM=&h=356&w=260&sz=13&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=fsc6na7ucV2a6M:&tbnh=134&tbnw=98&prev=/images%3Fq%3Demperor%2Bcaligula%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1328%26bih%3D668%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=781&vpy=41&dur=24586&hovh=263&hovw=192&tx=123&ty=132&ei=ukKpTOC1B5GCvgOC_PSbDA&oei=ukKpTOC1B5GCvgOC_PSbDA&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=37&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0 Emperor Caligula with horsehttp://www.google.co.in/imgres?imgurl=http://www.businesspundit.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/incitatus.JPG&imgrefurl=http://www.businesspundit.com/8-animals-that-ran-for-government/&usg=__D_ws-oxC3JRCRd22cToSgNsMBw4=&h=512&w=592&sz=68&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=mYDwdYsOHkj9sM:&tbnh=134&tbnw=142&prev=/images%3Fq%3Demperor%2Bcaligula%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1328%26bih%3D668%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=125&ei=ukKpTOC1B5GCvgOC_PSbDA&oei=ukKpTOC1B5GCvgOC_PSbDA&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=37&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0&tx=100&ty=93 Emperor Nerohttp://www.google.co.in/imgres?imgurl=http://dismanibus156.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/450px-nero_1.jpg%3Fw%3D225%26h%3D300&imgrefurl=http://votumsolvit.com/2009/09/30/emperor-neros-rotating-dining-room-discovered/&usg=__mjpNVSrjR5PStot-D7UGLK8g2vA=&h=300&w=225&sz=10&hl=en&start=147&zoom=1&tbnid=iaCgs0ZpU6E92M:&tbnh=159&tbnw=121&prev=/images%3Fq%3Demperor%2Bnero%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1328%26bih%3D668%26tbs%3Disch:10%2C3855&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=137&vpy=295&dur=172&hovh=240&hovw=180&tx=111&ty=133&ei=BUSpTJasNMarcf7AmOIN&oei=x0OpTKmQE4-evgPq-aWYDA&esq=8&page=8&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:147&biw=1328&bih=668