Andy and Kevin

Greek Influence on Rome

Hellenistic Greeks influenced many fields of the Roman Kingdom, Republic, Empire, such language, philosophy, art, religion, morals, architecture. The Romans were by them from the very beginning of their monarchy and that influence lasted through the Roman Kingdom, the Roman republic, and the Roman Empire. The Romans first came into contact with Hellenistic Greeks at around 650 BCE, by the way of trade. At first, the Romans had their own gods, but as time progressed, they started to transform and adopt the Greek gods into their own culture. The Greek influence on Rome was the strongest of all influences due to their close distance and close relations in trade.

Influence on Religionasclepius.jpg

Evidence shows that the first Greek god to have a influence was Apollo, who was dedicated a temple in Cumae, which was about 120 miles southeast of Rome. Greeks settled into this region at around 730 BCE, and also brought the other gods of Greece with them. Religious and civic leaders of Rome called upon the help of the Greek gods when there was an emergency, such as bringing the god of healing, Asclepius, into Rome during a plague around 295 BCE. Scholars suggest that Greeks kept influencing the Romans due to their characteristics of incorporating the cultures of conquered lands into their own culture. Some other scholars suggest that Rome, which didn't develop a full mythology of its own, sought out the myths of Greece and even Far East countries to satisfy their religious and personal needs.

Influence on Art and Literature

Romans art was also influenced by Hellenistic Greeks. Most of the surviving evidence have been friscoes used to decorate the walls and ceiling of a country villa. Roman paintings found at Pompeii have showed the imitations of mythological creatures. Roman literature was influenced by the Greeks, as the earliest of Roman works were epics, telling about the early Roman military history. As time progressed, authors began to write poetry, tragedies, comedies, and histories.


<span style="text-align: center;">Works Cited </span>
Daly, Kathleen N. Greek and Roman Mythology A to Z. Facts on File: Ancient and Medieval History
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//Head of Aphrodite//. ca 150 A.D. Sculpture. U of Mississippi, University, Mississippi.

Henig, Martin. "Roman art." //Ancient and Medieval History Online//. Facts on File, n.d. Web. 3 Oct.

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//Marble statuette of Asclepius//. 1/12/2004. Photograph of a Sculpture. Science Museum, London,


Masaccio. //Frescoes in the Cappella Brancacci//. 1426-82. Cappella Brancacci, Santa Maria del Carmine,

     Florence. //Lib-Art//. Web. 4 Oct. 2010. <


Wikipedia. "Ancient Rome." //Wikipedia//. Wikipedia, 2 Oct. 2010. Web. 3 Oct. 2010.


Winn, Myrle. "The Impact of Hellenism on Rome." //Impact on Rome//. Tripod, n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2010.